East Central Appraisals LLC has answers to "Frequently Asked Questions"
Describe an appraisal
Describe an appraisal(Return to top) An appraiser performs an estimation that produces an opinion of value. There are three "common approaches to value" which assists the appraiser come to this opinion or valuation. The Cost Approach is one of the methods that appraisers use to find the value of a home; it involves discerning what the improvements would cost without physical degradation, adding the land value. Another of the methods is the Sales Comparison Approach - which concerns discovering a comparison to other similar nearby properties which have recently sold. The Sales Comparison Approach is normally the most accurate and clearest indicator of value for a residential property. The Income Approach is generally used for finding the market value of income-producing properties based on what an investor would pay based on the amount of capital a property would bring in.
Describe what an appraiser does(Return to top) An appraiser generates a professional, unbiased assessment of market value, often in the context of a real estate exchange. Appraisers demonstrate their expert analysis in appraisal reports.
What are the reasons someone would need your services?(Return to top) There are a lot of reasons to get an appraisal from East Central Appraisals LLC with the most common reason being real estate and mortgage transactions. A few other reasons for getting an report include:
My agent performed a CMA for me. Is that the same as an appraisal?(Return to top) Frankly, they share nothing in common. The CMA utilizes market trends to conduct most of their business. The appraisal is based on similar proven comparable sales. Also, the appraisal looks at other factors like condition, area and building costs. A CMA delivers a "ball park figure." Being a documented and carefully investigated opinion of value, appraisals are defensible and stand up in legal situations.
But the biggest difference is who's behind the report. A CMA is written by a real estate agent who may or may not be trained in technical valuation concepts or even have a handle on market trends. A certified, state licensed professional who made a career on valuing properties in and around Seminole County is behind the appraisal. Likewise, the agent has something at stake since they get a commission based on the property's selling price - their commission - whereas the appraiser is bound by a code of ethics to accept a previously agreed upon fee for work they perform, regardless of their value conclusion.
What's in an appraisal report? (Return to top)The main objective of an appraisal report is to give a value opinion, and depending on the scope of the report, one will customarily see the following:
Once the report has been delivered, what guarantee is there that the value conclusion is accurate?(Return to top) In the documentation of an appraisal, each appraiser must ensure the following:
Who employs appraisers?(Return to top) Commonly, appraisers are called upon by mortgage lenders to estimate the value of real estate involved in a loan transaction - to make sure the real estate is indeed adequate collateral for the loan. Appraisers also provide opinions for legal settlements, tax matters and investment decisions.
Where does East Central Appraisals LLC get the data used to estimate values in Seminole County or other areas?(Return to top) Compiling data is one of the primary roles of an appraiser. Data can be described as either Specific or General. Specific data is collected from the home itself; Location, condition, amenities, size and other specific data are noted by the appraiser while on site.
General data is received from a numerous places. To research recent sales to be used as "comps", we typically go to the local Multiple Listing Service. Tax records and other courthouse documents reveal actual sales prices in a market. Appraisers often need to report when a property lies in a flood zone, so that information is retrieved from a FEMA data outlet such as a la mode's InterFlood product.
And last but not least, the appraiser assembles general data from his or her past experience in doing assignments for other properties in the same market.
How can a licensed appraiser help me?(Return to top) If you're involved in some sort of financial decision and the value of your home is relevant, you'll want a full appraisal. For those selling a home, you'll want to figure out the price that gets you the most profit but doesn't leave your home on the market too long; an appraisal can help with that. If you're buying, it makes sure you don't overpay. If you're engaged in an estate settlement or divorce, it ensures that property is divided fairly. Simply put, a home is often the single, largest financial asset anybody owns. Knowing its true value is essential to making the right financial decisions.
What exactly is PMI and how can I get rid of it?(Return to top) PMI is an acronym for Private Mortgage Insurance. This additional policy covers the lender in the event a borrower doesn't pay on the loan and the market price of the house is lower than the loan balance. Once you reach the point where your home's equity plus the amount you've paid is at least 20% of your loan balance, you can have your PMI dropped.
Should I do anything in advance of the appraisal appointment(Return to top) We start with an inspection of the home. What this entails is the appraiser, after setting up an appointment, personally going through the home - recording the layout of the rooms, taking photos and documenting the general condition of its features. Inside, pick up any clutter and make sure we can access things like furnaces and water heaters. On the outside, trim any landscaping so we can be free to get an accurate measurement of outside walls.
The following items, if available, will help your appraiser to provide a more accurate appraisal in a shorter period of time:
What does "Market Value" mean?(Return to top) In real estate appraising, Market Value is commonly defined as:
Who has rights to the appraisal report?(Return to top) In most real estate transactions, the appraisal is ordered by the lender. Even though it's the buyer that eventually pays for the report, the lender is the intended user. The buyer is entitled to a copy of the report - it's usually bundled with all the other closing documents - but is not entitled to use the report for any other purpose without permission from the lender.
The exception to this rule is when a home owner hires an appraiser directly. In these scenarios, the appraiser may stipulate how the appraisal can be used; for PMI removal, or estate planning or tax challenges, for example. If not noted otherwise, the home owner can use the appraisal for any purpose.
How can I get the most ROI out of home improvements?(Return to top) The answer to this is different depending upon the location of the home. For example, if you live in a cold region, insulated windows can be a real plus. But they aren't as attractive in a warm-weather climate.
As a rule, the best ROI from renovating a home comes in the kitchen. One recent study revealed that putting $20,000 into a kitchen remodel would add about $17,500 to the value of the home - or about an 88% return on investment. Bathrooms weren't far behind, yielding 85%. Adding bedrooms and baths can also help the value of your home as long as your home doesn't then become atypical for your neighborhood in terms of size.